Saving Money in a Chemical Facility

Chemical facilities use a variety of hazardous gases and solvents in their production processes. Danger is present when hazardous buildup of flammable vapors in the atmosphere gets rich enough to ignite or explode. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) establishes fire safety standards, including standards for safe operation of processes. 

LFL Monitoring in Ovens, Dryers, and Incinerators

Many chemical processes involve coating a product with a flammable solvent or mixture of solvents and then heating them in a dryer, batch oven, reactor or other source. The solvents evaporate off in the heating process and are directed to an incinerator for destruction, leaving behind the finished product.

In addition to the solvents, the atmosphere may also contain moisture, halogenated hydrocarbons, silicones and other unknown substances.

Danger is present when hazardous buildup of flammable vapors in the atmosphere gets rich enough to ignite or explode.

Application Spotlight: Chemical Processes

Chemical facilities use a variety of hazardous gases and solvents in their production processes. Whenever these substances are transported, processed or stored, the potential risks are high for hazardous conditions. These substances must be continuously monitored to protect personnel and facilities from accidental releases or leakage.

A Pulp Mill In Action

For the past few weeks we've shined the spotlight on the pulp & paper application.

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Measuring Multiple Solvents in Pulp Mills

Most monitoring systems are only able to measure the percent of flammability of a specific gas or narrow family of gases. In pulping applications, however, it is necessary to measure the overall concentration of all flammable gases and vapors entering the incinerator.

Getting a Fast Response Time in Pulp Mills

Using an analyzer with high sampling speed dramatically improves response time - an important factor in pulp mill applications. 

The environment of the vent pipe that carries the Total Reduced Sulfur compounds (TRS) is dirty and humid. Most gas sensors are quickly impaired by these conditions, leading to unreliable readings.

Because most sensors can only operate at ambient, as opposed to process temperatures, they are positioned far away from incinerators, using a snaking pipe arrangement and pumps to cool samples. 

Straight-Through Flow Design Ideal for TRS Mist Samples

Flammable non-condensible gases (NCG’s), usually referred to as Total Reduced Sulfur compounds (TRS) or Dilute Vent Gases, are byproducts of the wood pulping process. These gases, mostly sulfurous, are extremely malodorous and flammable. 

Health and pollution regulations prohibit the release of these gases into the atmosphere. They are usually eliminated by passing them through an incinerator or by using them as fuel in the burner of a boiler or kiln.

Problems in Pulp & Paper Mills

Last week we talked about the pulp & paper mill process. In the past, continuous sampling and gas monitoring was a problem for this applicaion for three key reasons:

Application Spotlight: Pulp & Paper Mills

Flammable non-condensible gases (NCG’s), usually referred to as Total Reduced Sulfur compounds (TRS) or Dilute Vent Gases, are byproducts of the wood pulping process. These gases, mostly sulfurous, are extremely malodorous and flammable. 

Health and pollution regulations prohibit the release of these gases into the atmosphere. They are usually eliminated by passing them through an incinerator or by using them as fuel in the burner of a boiler or kiln.

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