The Safety & Performance of your Printing Line: Safety Margins

Almost all safety authorities require a 4:1 margin of safety below the LFL, based on worst-case conditions. This means that enough dilution air must be used to always maintain a concentration of less than 25% of the LFL, according to the National Fire Protection Association standard NFPA 86.

The Safety & Performance of your Printing Line: Basics of Flammability Measurement

For each flammable substance there is a level of concentration in air, usually expressed as a percent by volume, that is known as its Lower Flammable Limit, LFL, or Lower Explosive Limit, LEL. Below the LFL, the mixture of fuel and air is too lean to support combustion. For example, a mixture of 1.1 percent Hexane in air is equal to 100% of its LFL - just rich enough to propagate a flame.

The Safety & Performance of your Printing Line: Flammability Hazards

Industrial fires and explosions happen more frequently than most people think. They cause downtime, property damage, injury and sometimes death. These fires and explosions result from a dangerous mixture of flammable vapors with air and a source of ignition.

Process Ovens & Dryers in Real Life

For the past month we shined the spotlight on process ovens & dryers; we've looked at WHAT goes on in the application, WHICH hazards to avoid and WHY they should be monitored.

Money-Saving Steps in Process Ovens & Dryers

Controlling flammable vapors and installing solvent vapor monitors on your process oven and dryers allows the implementation of several money-saving steps: